IT CAN NO LONGER BE BUSINESS AS USUAL FOR
THE LEGAL PROFESSION IN NIGERIA
ABUBAKAR BALARABE MAHMOUD, OON, SAN, FCIArb, SFNLI
ON ASSUMPTION OF OFFICE AS 28TH PRESIDENT OF THE
NIGERIAN BAR ASSOCIATION
THE ALFRED DIETE SPIFF CIVIC CENTRE
PORT-HARCOURT, RIVERS STATE – NIGERIA
FRIDAY, AUGUST 26, 2016
BUILDING #ABRAVENEWBAR: IT IS BUSINESS UNUSUAL FOR THE LEGAL PROFESSION IN NIGERIA – BEING INAUGURAL SPEECH BY ABUBAKAR BALARABE MAHMOUD, OON, SAN, FCIArb, SFNLI; ON ASSUMPTION OF OFFICE AS 28TH PRESIDENT OF THE NIGERIAN BAR ASSOCIATION ON FRIDAY, AUGUST 26, 2016
Your Excellency, the Governor of Rivers State, Nyesom Ezenwo Wike, Your Excellency Executive Governor of Sokoto State, Alhaji Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, CFR, Life Bencher (Mutawallen Sokoto) Distinguished Senator Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, My Lord, the Chief Judge of Rivers State, Other Chief Judges here present, My Lords, the Judges of the various Courts here present, My dear wife, My Lord Patricia Mahmoud, My Illustrious predecessor Past President Augustine Oyarekhua Alegeh, SAN;Past President OCJ Okocha, SAN; Past President JB Daudu, SAN; Past President Okey Wali, SAN, our out-going National Officers, the newly sworn-in National officers, our various distinguished past National officers here present, Learned Senior Advocates of Nigeria here present, Honourable members of the Body of Benchers, Distinguished members of the Nigerian Bar Association, Gentlemen of the Press, Invited Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen.
What we are witnessing today is more than just a change of baton. The Nigerian legal profession, by this election, has signified its intention to turn a new leaf. It has chosen to re-invent itself. It has chosen to win back the confidence of the Nigerian people. Throughout the campaigns in the last few months, everywhere we visited across the length and breadth of this country we realized that the majority of our colleagues were eager and determined to build a new legal profession. They want a legal profession that is respected and that enjoys the confidence of the Nigerian people.
Our campaign messages with the hashtag #ABraveNewBar, and our messages of “A Clean Judiciary”- a judiciary that will deliver consistent and predictable outcomes; “No to Corruption”, whether in the Executive, Legislative or Judicial branch of government resonated very well with most of our members. It became clear to us that, for the legal profession in Nigerian, it can no longer be business as usual. Lawyers want to be respected. They want a country that works and works for everyone; not just for a selected few. Lawyers want to be prosperous, therefore they want a country that is ready for business. Majority of our members are beginning to appreciate that there cannot be rich lawyers in a poor country. They realize that their prosperity is somehow linked to the prosperity of the country. It is clear to our colleagues, that to have all these, the legal profession must play its part. There appears an appreciation that to regain the confidence of the Nigerian people, the legal profession needs to go back to its core values of ethics, courage, integrity and professionalism. This election, appears to me, a clear resolve by our members to turn a new leaf and to begin to build a brave new bar.
Let me admit however, that this journey did not just begin. The outcome of this election was only possible because of the role played by our past leaders. President Augustine Alegeh must be singled out here for special commendation. His innovation, his foresight and doggedness made this election possible. The introduction of universal suffrage for lawyers, on a new and innovative electronic platform is clearly a revolution of some sort. Universal suffrage gives a voice to every
I will also like to thank our various past Presidents and other Bar leaders for their very noble role in standing up for what is right. I thank President OCJ Okocha,SAN who graciously nominated me for election. I thank President T.J.O. Okpoko SAN, President Olisa Agbakoba,SAN President JB Daudu,SAN President Okey Wali,SAN for their unflinching support. My special thanks to Mrs. Funke Adekoya,SAN ; Prof. Konyinshola Ajayi, SAN; Chief Kanu Agabi SAN, Mr. Albert Akpomoje, SAN, Chief Niyi Akintola SAN, Mr. Charles Edosomwan SAN, Mr. O.A. Omunuwa SAN, Mrs. Funmi Roberts, Mrs. Boma Ozobia, Chief Linus Ejiozofor SAN for their support.
But I must also seize this opportunity to express my debt of gratitude to the leadership of my Campaign Organisation who played very key roles in our quest to achieving #ABraveNewBar. I thank Mal. Yusuf Ali SAN, Dr. Garba Tentengi, SAN, mni, Muritala Abdu-Rasheed, Lady Debbie Obodoukwu, J.S Okutepa, SAN; Dr. Muiz Banire SAN; Muyiwa Akinboro, SAN; Chief Arthur Obi Okafor SAN, Prof. Chidi Odinkalu, Mr. O. O. Olowokure, Mr. Festus Okoye, Tob Kekemeke, Alex Mouka, Reuben James, Mr. Mustapha Abubakar, Mr. Ibrahim Lawal, Dominic E. Obozuwa, Mrs. Patricia Igwebuike, Tajudeen Oladoja, Ibrahim Mark, Anthony Oka, Kunle Adegoke, Hajiya Fatima Oiza Idris, Linda Bala, Mrs. Bukola Ajao, Dele Abbass, Prof. Auwalu Yadudu, Prof. Mohammed Tabiu, Prof. Ikpeze Ogugua, Prof. Wahab Egbewole, Mohammed Tabiu, Dr. Mamman Lawan Yusufari, Mr. Andy Odum, Fatima Mohammed, Aisha Mohammed, Mal. Ibrahim Mukhtar, Mal. Aminu Sani Gadanya, Bukar Alhaji Waziri, A. Y. Musa, L. S. Wali, Murtala Kankia, Mr. Ikechukwu Uwanna, Ikeazor Akaraiwe, Okey Owhonda, Nurudeen Ogbara, Mrs. Awele Ideal, Pastor D. O. C.
Ezigwe, Akeem Aponmade and so many other distinguished colleagues who participated actively in our campaigns. Many of them travelled with us to all the nooks and crannies of this country, others played very active roles in numerous ways. I thank you all most sincerely.
But perhaps the real heros of the campaigns were the very determined young men and women, who worked on our campaign. They manned our secretariat, our technical and situation rooms, reaching our many colleagues via social media, or worked in our help desk educating colleagues on the electronic voting processes. We also have the foot soldiers who walked from door to door in all the major law firms in Lagos, Ikeja, Port Harcourt, Abuja, Jos, Kano, Maiduguri etc. I thank all of
you most sincerely.
Your Excellencies, distinguished colleagues, the elections are now over; though admittedly the dust is yet to settle. At many campaign speeches, I have heard my brother JK Gadzama, SAN speak of his several qualities one of which is that President Goodluck Jonathan learnt from him how to accept electoral defeat. I did say to him teasingly, in Ilorin during our visit in July that I will be holding him to his promise to accept defeat graciously in the spirit of sportsmanship just as I had also publicly committed myself to that. As a senior member of the Bar, I am sure that he appreciates that, in situations like this, it is imperative for us to put our personal disappointments behind us and move on. Any prolonged contestation can only hurt our Association and indeed the country. I will therefore once more appeal to him to join hands with me as we work to uplift the Nigerian Bar Association and the legal profession in general. As President Alegeh will say, we are all one big Family. The Nigerian people are watching us. As I said in my acceptance speech early morning of 1st August, 2016 for every contested position, one person gets elected, but everyone is a winner.
Permit me at this stage to congratulate my fellow colleagues who were elected to serve with me as national officers of our association for the next two years. I am confident that we will commit to working together collectively in spirit of brotherhood to discharge our mandate and deliver the promise of #ABraveNewBar.
THE TASKS AHEAD
Undoubtedly, the task ahead is arduous. In the course of my campaigns I pledged to put in my
sincere best efforts. I am sure with your continuing support and the help of Almighty God, we will
succeed. Let me therefore reaffirm my commitment to work assiduously to pursue our programs
and implement our campaign promises in line with our constitution. We will do this work
collectively with other elected National Officers, with a high sense of responsibility, honesty and
integrity. The NBA is without doubt the foremost professional body in Nigeria. The entire nation
looks up to the NBA for leadership and guidance in all matters of national importance and interest.
We will pursue our mandate with a sole objective: promoting the welfare and development of our
members and the pursuit of the overall national interest of our country. We have made giant
strides under the leadership of Augustine Alegeh, SAN; I pledge to continue his progressive
programmes and build on them. Many of his initiatives stand out. The Stamp and Seal program
has been a great innovation. It has helped to bring about sanity in the profession where entry by
quacks had become common place. We are now reclaiming the legal market not only from quacks,
but also from intrusion by other professionals. The Completion of our National Secretariat is
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without doubt a monumental achievement. It provides us a befitting and modern infrastructure
that we can deploy effectively for the development of the profession. The introduction of
electronic voting and the Universal suffrage for all lawyers may perhaps be the Past President’s
greatest legacies. Once again I congratulate him.
Our Vision for #ABraveNewBar
Let me in the next few minutes attempt to set out even if with a broad brush, our vision for a brave
new bar and to speak to some of our programmes. As set out in our campaign manifesto, our
programs will be anchored broadly along four areas: Reform of the Regulation of the legal
profession, enhanced representation of our members’ interests, the reform or re-engineering of
the NBA as an organization and finally the greater and more active pursuit of the public interest.
Our country is today at cross roads! With deepening economic crises fueled by unprecedented
corruption, widening inequalities, increasing inter-communal conflicts, threats of secession,
insurgency and other forms of criminality, it is clear that we are facing daunting challenges. These
challenges belie our potential as a country richly endowed with human and natural resources. A
few days ago, we listened to the President of Rwanda, HE Paul Kagame, speaking through his
Attorney General and Minister of Justice, Mr. Busingye Johnston how he has led his country out of
the depth of human tragedy to now emerge as one of Africa’s model countries in reforms and
transformation that is ushering in a new era of prosperity and national pride for all Rwandans.
Rwanda is a small country of about 11.8 million people. Put in context, Nigeria, with a population
of nearly 170 Million, Nigerians do not have to wait until we sink to the depth that Rwanda did, or
follow other tragic examples in Africa like Somalia or even South Sudan before we get our act
together, before we make that singular concerted effort to rescue our country from further
Perhaps no other profession has the potential to really impact on national development and
transformation as the Legal Profession. Our motto “Promoting the Rule of Law” is at heart of
securing security, good governance, development and prosperity. Our skills in a variety of fields of
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legal knowledge place us uniquely in a position to understand and impact positively in various
spheres of national development and guaranty the security of our citizens and the prosperity of our
Historically, lawyers in various capacities and the legal profession in general have played pivotal
roles in crucial phases of our national development. We played key roles in the anti-colonial
struggles, in the struggles against military dictatorship. The question we must ask ourselves now is:
what is the challenge of modern day Nigeria? How can we assist as lawyers in meeting this
challenge? I think in a nutshell that challenge can be summarised as “Nigerians’ right to
Development”. The right to live in peace, in security and in prosperity. What can lawyers and the
legal profession do to usher in this era? I think it is precisely this sort of realization that has
informed the choice of this year’s annual general conference: “Democracy and Economic
Development”. Positioning NBA and the Nigerian Legal Profession to play this role of ushering in a
new era of social and economic transformation and providing the legal support or structure for this
transformation of our country is what the vision for #ABraveNewBar is all about. In other words, to
enable the legal profession play its key role in the next phase of our National Development, the
NBA must reinvent itself. The legal profession must retool itself. It must re-establish its core values
whilst at the same time realigning itself with new global trends, equipping members with new
knowledge and new skills needed to operate in an increasingly integrated yet competitive world.
In our campaign manifesto we articulated four broad thematic areas around which we will pursue
our agenda for #ABraveNewBar. These are Regulation, Representation, Re-Engeneering and Public
Interest. And hence we reduce them to 3Rs and P. I will try to elaborate on this.
The 3Rs and P
With respect to Regulation, it appears clear that the regulatory architecture of the legal profession
is out of date and out of sync with modern day Nigerian realities and indeed the size and
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complexity of the legal profession today. We must interrogate this and build a consensus on the
direction to go. We need more rigorous and effective framework for establishing professional and
ethical standards, reining in erring unethical lawyers and rebuilding confidence in the legal
profession. In doing this we will look at current global trends and trends on the African Continent.
We cannot assume leadership role, regain our respect, nationally, across the continent and indeed
globally if we do not change the current perception of the profession. We will review all current
models of regulation and attempt to adopt new models or revamp the existing model. But this in
our view is something we must do in our overall best interest. If the Nigerian Bar Association must
retain its self-regulatory status, sufficient internal mechanism must be devised and adequate
resources deployed to ensure that regulatory responsibilities are carried out effectively and
efficiently and in line with accepted global standards. The major task of the Bar should be in
enhancing its standards at professional and ethical levels and ensuring that bad eggs do not find
sanctuary in its ranks.
With Regards to Representation, our objective is to enhance the protection of the interest of our
members. We will quickly establish programmes and strategies necessary to enhance the welfare
of our members particularly the young members of the profession. A major aspect of this will
comprise educational and professional development of our members. We will bring proposals to
establish a Legal Education and Development Programme that will be IT driven and will be
structured to reach as many lawyers as possible. We will establish a mentoring programme both at
Individual and at firm levels. Senior Lawyers and more developed firms will be encouraged and
incentivized to mentor younger lawyers and smaller firms to take on for complex and sophisticated
legal work as a strategy of enhancing legal capacity across the country. The Nigerian Bar
Association under my leadership shall also focus on preparing its members to meet the new
challenges of globalization, creating new opportunities and preparing the economy for greater
investment and wealth creation. We will also work to develop a minimum standard and practices
for the employment of younger lawyers in law firms across the country. We hope by the next
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meeting of the National Executive Committee (NEC) in November 2016, proposals will be in place
for the consideration and approval of NEC on this.
Your Excellencies, distinguished colleagues, ladies and gentlemen, several of the programmes of
my predecessor Mr. Alegeh align very much with our vision. The Stamp and Seal programme for
instance has been very successful in assisting us to reclaim the legal market both from quacks and
from intrusion by other professionals. I am aware however, that there are a lot of complaints from
our members regarding some practical matters on the operational aspect of the programme. In
fulfilment of our campaign promises, I will constitute a committee immediately to review the
operations of the Stamp and Seal programme and to recommend ways of enhancing it to serve our
I have already commended President Alegeh for the introduction of electronic voting. We are all
agreed that this is the only direction for the NBA. There is no going back on this. We will as part of
a general review of the NBA electoral process however, undertake further studies with the
objective of enhancing electronic voting and generally improving the electoral process where
possible. NBA electioneering campaigns have remained expensive, tasking and risky. Even more
importantly they have become acrimonious and divisive. Needless to say, as a professional
association, this is not good for us. We must conduct ourselves with the highest regards to the
ethics and demands of our professional calling. We are neither a political party nor trade union. I
will engage Bar leaders to examine how we can further reform the process and make it more
compliant with what happens in other advanced law societies and bar associations.
One of the major legacies I will be inheriting from my predecessor is the new imposing NBA
National Secretariat Building in Abuja. I want to assure all our colleagues that we will put the
edifice to good use. We will set up a framework for the efficient management and maintenance of
the building to ensure that it remains a veritable resource for us and a symbol of pride for all
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Distinguished colleagues, In the course of the coming weeks, we will engage in extensive
consultations with all segments of the membership of the association to fine tune and roll out our
programmes. We will count on your support and participation as we move forward. I am aware
that there are some rumblings here and there especially involving some branches following recent
elections of branch executives. We will appeal to all parties involved to put the overall interest of
the Association first. We will take appropriate steps to achieve speedy reconciliation in the affected
With regards to Re-Engineering the NBA, the broad objective is to quickly transform the NBA to
become better structured and more efficient. It is only a well structured and efficiently managed
institution that can drive our programmes and activities. We will quickly commission a needs
assessment, organisational and human resource audit of the National Secretariat to see what
needs to be done to position the Secretariat to deliver on our programmes. A major component of
the re-engineering of the NBA will also comprise the review of the structure and functioning of our
branches. With 120 branches across the country, the branch structure appears unwieldy and
cumbersome. Whilst the idea is to bring the association closer to its members, yet, this current
structure of branch proliferation does not allow for efficient utilization of resources. We would
encourage branches to work in every State to achieve greater synergy. The Branches should
become the main delivery agents for our programmes and services. These will be more effective if
there is greater coordination and synergy at State level. We will devise strategies for achieving
these goals. In addition to this, we will review the activities of the Sections and fora and see how
best to encourage them to do more to aid the attainment of their specific mandates and also the
broader objectives of professional development of our members.
The Public Interest dimension of our programme will focus on certain key areas.
First is the promotion of a Clean Judiciary. The NBA will work closely with the Judiciary to attain
this goal. President Augustine Alegeh in his speech at the opening ceremony of the AGC 2016,
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decried the spate of conflicting Judgments as we have seen most recently in our courts. I am aware
that the Body of Senior Advocates of Nigeria has expressed similar concern and has been working
on specific proposals. This development brings the Nigerian judiciary and the legal profession in
general to ridicule, contempt and undermines the Rule of Law. We will galvanize the concerns of all
Stakeholders and confront this problem head on. Judges found complicit in this must be
sanctioned. On our part, we will constitute a high powered committee to review all such cases in
particular with respect to the role and conduct of our members. Any member found complicit in
this will face disciplinary action and sanctioned appropriately.
Let me now move to broader public interest matters. I want to speak on four key problems, the
fight against corruption, the reform of the judiciary, the Insurgency and reconstruction of the North
East and the Resolutions of the crisis in the Niger Delta. As Nigerians, as lawyers, we are all directly
affected, alongside millions of our compatriots by these major challenges our country is facing.
The Nigerian Bar Association commits itself to the fight against corruption in Nigeria. We will put
our knowledge, skills and all other resources to combat corruption and reclaim the dignity of
Nigeria and Nigerians. We recognize however that the fight against corruption can only be achieved
if we do so within the frame work of the rule of law and by strong institutions. The critical
institutions involved must be repositioned, re-equipped and re-tooled to confront the problem of
corruption on a consistent sustainable basis. As a start, we commend the efforts of the Economic
and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) for the work it is doing and for its modest achievements.
However, going forward the NBA must demand the reform of the institution itself. We need to
define its mandate more narrowly and more clearly. In my view its broad operations as an
investigative and prosecutorial agency should be reviewed. I recommend strongly that the EFCC be
limited to investigation. The decision to prosecute and the conduct of the prosecution must be by
an independent highly resourced prosecution agency. In addition, the EFCC and the prosecution
agency must be secured from political interference in their activities. There is absolutely no reason
for it to report operationally or otherwise to the Presidency. The NBA Anti-Corruption Commission
will be mandated to develop clear recommendations towards enhancing the fight against
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corruption and improving the effectiveness of all the agencies involved. These, we shall present to
the Federal Government of Nigeria.
On the Reform of the Judiciary, the NBA will advocate for urgent reforms that will reposition our
judiciary and equip it to play its future role. A clean, efficient, knowledgeable, effective and
transformative judiciary is at the foundation of building an orderly, peaceful and prosperous
society. It is the only way we can guarantee the rule of law and an egalitarian society for our
people. The notion that a judge could be bribed either by a lawyer or litigant is completely
obnoxious and unacceptable. In many countries it is unthinkable! The NBA under my watch will
fight judicial corruption. We shall also make the legal profession unattractive for corrupt lawyers.
We will ensure that the NBA does not become a safe haven for miscreant lawyers.
As a strategy for rebuilding public confidence in the Judiciary and the legal profession, we will
encourage greater public interest representation in our activities. Therefore, whether in the
Judiciary or at the Bar, there must be sufficient infusion of public participation or public interest
representation in our activities. What happens in the legal profession must be everybody’s
business. Appointment of judicial officers should be more open and subject to public scrutiny. The
affairs of the Judiciary need to be conducted in more open and transparent manner. The public
should be aware of what goes on at all levels. We must devise ways of identifying and flushing out
bad eggs at all levels of the Bar and the Bench. And this we must do as a matter of urgency. In the
two years of my presidency, we shall advocate for the reform of the method of appointment of
judicial officers across the country. Promotion to higher appellate courts should not be a ‘cab rank
affair’. That is every one awaits his turn. The method should be more open competitive and
transparent based on intellectual ability, integrity and competence. We shall also advocate
vigorously that the Appellate Courts be enriched with the appointment of quality Lawyers and
Academics into its Bench. The Judiciary should evolve a credible system of review of judicial
performance. To this end we shall set up a high powered committee to assess the state of justice
delivery in all the States of Nigeria with a view to drawing attention of all governments and
stakeholders to areas of concern.
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Your Excellencies, distinguished ladies and gentlemen, We think the NBA should take a more active
interest in the happenings both in the North East Region of Nigeria and the Niger Delta Region.
The North East Region of Nigeria has remained a flash point of conflict and theatre of humanitarian
crises as the country struggles to contain the insurgency in that region. We have in the course of our campaigns visited the region after my initial visit led by President Alegeh on 30thNovember,
2015. I have been back in the North East at least twice since then. The destruction and human
suffering cannot be overstated. Millions of Nigerians have been affected and others displaced. The
internally displaced persons in the region are estimated to be 2.3Million which is the third largest in
the world after Syria and Columbia. The NBA will set up a North East Task Force with the following
mandate: i. To assist our members affected by the conflict ii. To provide pro bono legal services to individuals and communities in the region who
are victims of the conflict to aid the process or rehabilitation, resettlement and
reconciliation. iii. To provide expert services to Federal and State Governments in the region and the
National Assembly on devising appropriate legal framework and other legal services
for the reconstruction of the region. iv. To advise on broader issues of transitional justice to assist the process of
reconciliation and reconstruction. v. To monitor the region especially human rights observance and flag issues requiring
the attention and engagement of the Nigerian Bar Association.
With regards to the situation in the Niger Delta we note the devastating impact of the conflict
on the various communities and citizens living the region. It is clear that the environmental
destruction and the human suffering and the general impact on the national economy are huge.
The NBA will similarly put at the disposal of all communities and all parties to the conflict in the
Niger Delta, its resources, knowledge and skills towards achieving a resolution, reconciliation
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and rebuilding of the region. I will constitute an NBA Niger Delta Task Force with the following
i. Providing legal assistance and support to our members affected by the conflict; ii. Providing pro bono legal assistance to individuals and communities within the region affected
by the conflict; iii. Providing pro bono legal assistance to all parties in the conflict working towards
negotiated resolution and reconciliation; iv. Providing legal support to advise on the general challenges in the region with a view to
enhancing environmental protection and the quality of life in the region; v. Monitoring developments in the region especially human rights observance and flagging
issues needing immediate attention and engagement by the Nigerian Bar Association.
These Task Forces will be manned by volunteers from our membership. The NBA will also mobilise
resources from donor agencies and development partners to support the work of the Task Forces.
We hope that these initiatives will help in addressing the humanitarian crises in the two regions
and lead to lasting solution and reconciliation.
Your Excellencies, Distinguished ladies and gentlemen, colleagues. I assure you, the NBA under my
leadership will be vigilant and will speak up courageously on all matters of national interest and in
the overall best interest of our country.
Ladies and gentlemen, I want to assure you that 2016-2018 will be a shift for the NBA as we will do
all within our powers to re-engineer and re-position it into a bigger, better, more efficient, more
responsive, cohesive and globally competitive Bar Association. Nigeria needs a new and robust
legal profession fully conscious of its pride of place and historic obligations. The NBA must position
itself to lead the change required in our country and this requires the right leadership. The legal
profession has a crucial role to play in setting the stage for the next phase of our journey in
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democracy and development. We must guarantee the right to development for all our citizens by
ensuring the right institutions, systems and processes that guarantee good governance and
balanced sustainable development. This is our mandate for the next 2 years and I must say; be rest
assured that we will work assiduously to achieve these goals. I wish to state clearly, that we shall
run this new administration on the core values of integrity and ethical Lawyering; Nigerian Lawyers
have voted for #ABraveNewBar and indeed “it shall no longer be business as usual”.
Your Excellencies distinguished ladies and gentlemen, before I take my seat, let me place on record
my depth of gratitude for the unflinching support I have received from my wife Justice Patricia
Mahmoud on this project. She has spent endless days fasting and seeking for divine protection and
guidance for me and my colleagues in the campaigns and in the election. I thank her very much. I
must also thank our children; Salim, Sadiq, Zainab, Zubaida and Hauwa and indeed their friends
who all made it their project by contributing in various ways. I thank you all.
God Bless Us all!
God Bless the NBA!!
God Bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria!!!
ABUBAKAR BALARABE MAHMOUD, OON, SAN, FCIArb, SFNLI
PRESIDENT, NIGERIAN BAR ASSOCIATION (NBA)
AUGUST 26, 2016